Breaker Basics “Four Quick Steps Toward Increased Uptime”

Published: 27/6, 2022

The hydraulic breaker attachment — one of the most common attachments for a remote-controlled demolition machine — generates as much as 1,500 lbf (6,672 N) of force at its tip. Typical wear and tear is expected, which is why keeping up on breaker maintenance is vital to ensure optimum performance on the jobsite.

“Operators often overlook breakers, so they might not receive the proper time and attention they deserve in a maintenance regiment,” said Keith Becker, managing member of Becker Equipment Company LLC. “To get the most out of their investment, operators should consider the breaker as another piece of equipment with its own service schedule rather than a simple attachment, such as a bucket scoop. While the breaker requires the machine’s hydraulic system to provide the pressure to run, it is just as important as the machine itself and requires regular servicing.”

Ready to begin servicing, but not sure where to begin? Following these four simple steps will go a long way toward achieving increased uptime and maximum breaker life.


Step One: Choose the Right Grease

Not all grease is the same. Look for a chisel paste that can withstand temperatures as high as 450° F (232° C). Keep in mind, if grease is running down the tool, it’s most likely not correct. Proper greasing minimizes metal-on-metal contact to prevent the tool from overheating, which can prematurely wear tool steel, damage bushings and ruin hydraulic seals. Using standard grease may save nickels and dimes now, but could eventually cost time and money by requiring more frequent greasing. And if the tool steel isn’t properly lubricated, users will see added costs in tool steel replacements.

Some companies offer a durable, molybdenum-based chisel paste. This paste contains small copper and graphite particles that roll up like ball bearings between the tool steel and working bushing. The paste is also more viscous than standard lubricants, which allows it to remain between the steel and bushings and provide better lubrication for longer periods than using grease alone.


Step Two: Lubricate Appropriately

It’s one thing to have the right grease, but quite another to use it correctly. Greasing before and during operation also is part of proper breaker maintenance that reduces equipment wear.

To lubricate a breaker, apply pressure on the tool steel to verify that it is pushed all the way into the breaker. Inject grease into the breaker’s lubrication points using a grease gun, until it exits the bottom of the breaker. This ensures the void between the bushings and the tool steel is filled and new grease displaces any remaining grease that might contain dust or debris. Some manufacturers recommend adding grease every two hours when a breaker requires manual greasing or if the operator sees shiny slivers of metal on the tool steel.

Some breakers have automatic lubrication systems that keep tool steel properly lubricated, but those systems still need daily inspections to ensure there is adequate grease in their vessels.


Step Three: Check the Bushing

Even with the best lubrication, replacing the wear bushings is inevitable. Measuring the wear of the bushing is essential to maintaining a reliable breaker, and it’s not always necessary to take the machine apart to do so. Instead, use a 3/16-in (4.76mm) drill bit and try to slide it between the tool and bushing. Typically, about 1/4 in (6.35mm) of space is the wear limit for a bushing. A good way to estimate is if the drill bit fits between the tool and the bushing it may need replacing. However, having a mechanic evaluate the bushing is the most accurate way of assessing wear bushings.


Step Four: Monitor Nitrogen Levels

Many breakers feature nitrogen gas in the back-head as a cushion and for increased power. This minimizes the power demand on the carrier’s hydraulic system and ensures consistent, high-impact energy. It’s important to maintain and fill the nitrogen reservoir as needed for consistent power output.Be sure to conduct a visual inspection of the breaker before every use, and a thorough examination weekly to ensure everything is working properly. This results in increased uptime and extended breaker life.

See all news »

Cookies and Data Collection

This website is using cookies. A cookie is a small text file that the website requests to store locally on the visitor's computer. It contains a certain amount of information and a timestamp.

Cookies on this website

Temporary Cookies

We use temporary cookies ("sessions") in order to provide a functioning website. These cookies only contains a unique identifier and a timestamp, while any personal data is stored on our server. These cookies expires within one hour, and will be automatically deleted when you exit your webbrowser.

Less temporary cookies

In order to remember wether you have accepted cookies or not, we need to store a cookie containing a timestamp and a code. If you log in as a user on our website, you are also able to select wether you want to remain logged in or not. In case you decide to remain logged in, we will store another cookie on yuor device, also containing a code and a timestamp. No personal data is saved in these cookies. These cookies will expire and be automatically deleted within 30 days of your last visit, and you can delete them manually from within the webbrowser's settings.

Cookie for Google Analytics

We use Google Analytics in order to improve our vistor's experience on our website. We do not save PII (Personally Identifiable Information) using Google Analytics. To read more about the cookies stored, read more at Google Developers.

Inactivation of cookies

If you do not wish to accept cookies from our website (or others), you may turn it off in your webbrowsers security/privacy settings. You can also let your browser inform you each time a website tries to store a cookie, or choose to remove cookies that has already been stored.

See your browsers help pages in order to find out more on how to change these settings (the instructions will differ depending on what browser, operating system and what versions you are using).

Data Collection & Data Storage

The website may use Google Analytics and similar services to collect data about your visit on this website. No personal data is stored, only information about the visit itself, such as link clicks, page views, how long a certain page has been viewed and similar. The information can be used by us to analyze how visitors use our website, as well as to improve and optimize content and functionality on the website in the future. The information may also be used by Google (or an equivalent provider) to optimize information and ads, so that you receive more relevant/personalized search results or ads in the provider's other services.


This website use cookies
This website use cookies and data gathering to bring you the best possible experience.
You must accept this in order to get access to our content. - Read more »

Accept all Only necessary